HOPE CHAPEL Sunday Service Notes
Teaching Series: “The Bible - Jesus’ Story”
Today’s Topic: “Week 2: Jesus in the Old Testament”
For further study (all retrieved on Thursday, August 13, 2020):
“Jesus in the Old Testament: Types”
“Jesus in the Old Testament: Christophanies”
“Where Is Jesus in the Old Testament” by Glen Scrivener
“Is Jesus in the Old Testament: Examples and Their Meaning”
When it comes to “Jesus in the Old Testament,” this morning truly represents just the tip of the iceberg! I have reduced a veritable mountain into a mole hill and for that I apologize, but as I said last week the topic of Jesus in the Old Testament is huge and we can only touch on some of the highlights this morning. I have included a number of online resources for those of you who are interested in pursuing this topic further and I would like to encourage you to “be a Berean” like those that Paul commended, “Now the Berean Jews were of more noble character than those in Thessalonica, for they received the message with great eagerness and examined the Scriptures every day to see if what Paul said was true” (Acts 17:11). I am not claiming to be Paul, but the principle of checking out what you’re taught has been set and commended!
Today, I want to talk about three different ways that we find Jesus in the Old Testament:
Types & Metaphorical Portrayals of Jesus in the Old Testament
Christophanies - These are appearances, though non-physical manifestations of Christ before His incarnation. Some theologians, students of the Bible, believe that because “no one can look on the face of God and live” (Exodus 33:20), all appearances of the Lord in the Old Testament must refer to Christophanies– appearances by the second person of the Trinity; Jesus describes himself as God from God, the sent one (Genesis 22:16-17)
Some Bible scholars also believe every visit of “the angel of the Lord,” or “the angel of God,” was a Christophany. But, how can an ‘angel’ be God? In Exodus 23:20-21, God told Moses He would send an angel before him to guide him, and that God’s name was in the angel. The name of God represents His nature, will, and character and a random angel can’t bear God’s name; only God himself can. It is further thought that this angel of the Lord must have been Jesus because He said in John 17:7, “I have manifested your name to the people whom you gave me out of the world” further alluding to God’s words to Moses in Exodus. We need to think of the term ‘angel’ more in terms of the function of an angel--a ‘servant of God’ or a ‘sent one’–not as a literal angel.
“And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, Jesus explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself” (Luke 24:27).
The evidence for the recognition of Jesus in the Old Testament goes on and on, but we will stop there.
Next week: “Jesus in the Gospels”
First licensed for pastoral ministry in 1994, Pastor Jane Peck has served in camp and church ministries in three denominations, five provinces and in a variety of roles. Her most recent position is that of Pastor at Hope Chapel which she began in 2020. She is excited to see what God can and will do in the days to come!